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The meat industry is our planet's worst enemy

edited October 2014 in Green Talks
Animal agriculture is producing more climate change gases than every car, airplane or mode of transit on the planet, combined. Featured article on the homepage of the Huffington Post today.

Quote by Albert Einstein:

"Nothing will benefit human health and increase the chances for survival of life on Earth as much as the evolution to a vegetarian diet." -Albert Einstein

An interesting observation over the 13 years I've been vegetarian, is that strangers don't ask me anymore why I'm vegetarian, they already know!

What are your thoughts or more importantly what are you going to do?


  • edited October 2014
    Thought you'd find this interesting :)

  • @wilbur.taute Most informative video ever, thanks for sharing.
  • You're welcome!
  • I certainly do wish all humans would stop killing animals and consuming their flesh. However, the 18% argument has repeatedly been taken out of context and the Huffington Post should NEVER be used a "source" for citing science. Here are some facts:

    The burning of fossil fuels for energy and animal agriculture are two of the biggest contributors to global warming, along with deforestation.  Globally, fossil fuel-based energy is responsible for about 60% of human greenhouse gas emissions, with deforestation at about 18%, and animal agriculture between 14% and 18% (estimates from the World Resources InstituteUN Food and Agriculture Organization, and Pitesky et al. 2009).

    WRI global GHG emissions flowchart

    Global human greenhouse gas emissions flowchart, from the World Resources Institute.

    So, animal agriculture and meat consumption are significant contributors to global warming, but far less so than fossil fuel combustion.  Moreover, fossil fuels are an even bigger contributor to the problem in developed countries, which use more energy and have increased livestock production efficiency (Pitesky et al. 2009).  For example, in the United States, fossil fuel-based energy is responsible for about 80% of total greenhouse gasemissions as compared to about 6% from animal agriculture (estimates from the World Resources Institute and Pitesky et al. 2009).

    US GHG emissions flowchart

    US human greenhouse gas emissions flowchart, from the World Resources Institute.

    How does animal agriculture cause global warming?

    On of the main ways in which the livestock sector contributes to global warming is throughdeforestation caused by expansion of pasture land and arable land used to grow feedcrops.  Overall, animal agriculture is responsible for about 9% of human-caused carbon dioxideemissions globally (UN FAO).

    Animal agriculture is also a significant source of other greenhouse gases.  For example, ruminant animals like cattle produce methane, which is a greenhouse gas about 20 times more potent than carbon dioxide.  The livestock sector is responsible for about 37% of human-caused methane emissions, and about 65% of human nitrous oxide emissions (mainly from manure), globally (UN FAO).

    Beef is a bigger problem than other sources of meat

    Producing beef requires significantly more resources (e.g. land, fertilizer, and water) than other sources of meat.  As ruminant animals, cattle also produce methane that othersources (e.g. pigs and chickens) don't.

    Eschel et al. 2014 estimated that producing beef requires 28 times more land, 6 times more fertilizer and 11 times more water than producing pork or chicken.  As a result, the study estimated that producing beef releases 4 times more greenhouse gases than a calorie-equivalent amount of pork, and 5 times as much as an equivalent amount of poultry.

    Eating vegetables produces lower greenhouse gas emissions yet.  For example, potatoes, rice, and broccoli produce approximately 3–5 times lower emissions than an equivalent mass of poultry and pork (Environmental Working Group 2011).  The reason is simple – it's more efficient to grow a crop and eat it than to grow a crop, feed it to an animal as it builds up muscle mass, then eat the animal.

    Environmental Working Group GHG Lifecycle Assessment of foods

    Greenhouse gas lifecycle assessment for common proteins and vegetables (EWG 2011).

    How do the numbers get misrepresented?

    There are often suggestions that going vegan is the most important step people can take to solve the global warming problem.  While reducing meat consumption (particularly beef and lamb) reduces greenhouse gas emissions, this claim is an exaggeration.

    An oft-used comparison is that globally, animal agriculture is responsible for a larger proportion of human-caused greenhouse gas emissions (14-18%) than transportation (13.5%).  While this is true, transportation is just one of the many sources of human fossil fuel combustion.  Electricity and heat generation account for about 25% of global humangreenhouse gas emissions alone.

    Moreover, in developed countries where the 'veganism will solve the problem' argument is most frequently made, animal agriculture is responsible for an even smaller share of the global warming problem than fossil fuels.  For example, in the USA, fossil fuels are responsible for over 10 times more human-caused greenhouse gas emissions than animal agriculture.

    That's not to minimize the significant global warming impact of animal agriculture (as well as its other adverse environmental impacts), especially from beef and lamb, but it's also important not to exaggerate its contribution or minimize the much larger contribution of fossil fuels.

  • @AliaMori Amazing info, thank you very much for sharing it and I'm even more impressed how well you formatted this post.

    Just today I was contemplating whether planes or trucks create more harm. As I was told recently that the trucking industry boasts an incredible amount of employees.
  • I am glad to hear that you are a vegan. I am that myself but am careful to eat whole food plant-based (no meat, no dairy, no oil, no refined food, and only about 10% of calories from fatty acids). I wish I had learned about the importance of eating this way when I was much younger. I an 67 and now weigh about what I weighed when I was a freshman in high school. Whole food plant based eating has improved my health a lot too.

    All around, whole food plant based eating is good for our health, good for the plant, economical, a moral choice and delicious! 
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